Scoliosis in children: how to prevent it?

Scoliosis is the curvature of one side of the child’s spine, which can be structural or postural.

Scoliosis in children is the curvature to the side of the child’s spine. We must distinguish between postural scoliosis, caused by the adoption of incorrect posture, and structural, due to a defect already present at birth. In other cases, scoliosis in the child may be due to a difference between the length of the legs, which causes the pelvis to be asymmetrical and, as a consequence, a deviation in the spine. In postural scoliosis, which is the most widespread, in general, the deviation occurs in the thorax or lower back, appears during childhood and is increasingly accentuated until the age at which growth stops.

Surely, as in other diseases, the presence of scoliosis in a family member increases the risk that this pathology may occur in children, but this is not entirely true. For example, the fact that the child goes to the gym prematurely, before puberty, favors this disorder. In general, to resolve the slight muscular imbalances that influence the posture is sufficient to perform a constant physical activity, under the supervision of prepared instructors.

In the case of postural scoliosis, it is important that the child practices symmetrical sports. With the purpose of developing both the right and left sides of the body. Particular attention should be paid to the balance between the contraction/stretching activity of the extensor muscles.

If no progress is observed after 6-8 months of practice, it will be necessary for the child to perform a rebalancing postural gymnastics course in a specialized center.

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